According to recent statistics from the Federal Bureau of Investigation, there were over 1.5 million total drug arrests in the United States. In the state of Ohio, drug crimes can include a number of different charges including drug possession, drug manufacturing, drug trafficking, and other misdemeanor and felony drug offenses. A defendant convicted of any of these drug offenses can face devastating consequences including a possible lengthy prison sentence, massive fines, a permanent criminal record, and other social ramifications.
If you are under investigation for a drug crime or facing charges, it is critical that you work with an experienced Ohio criminal defense attorney who can protect your rights and help you build a strong defense. At Peterson & Peterson, we have the resources and experience to represent clients facing a litany of different drug charges.
As your legal counsel, we can investigate every last detail of your case and determine the best defense strategy for your personal situation. Our team will fight vigorously to defend your rights and ensure that you get fair treatment during all legal proceedings. Peterson & Peterson proudly represent clients across Xenia, Ohio, and the surrounding areas of Bellbrook, Greene County, Beavercreek, and Clark County — so call today to learn more about how we can help you with your case.
Both federal and state laws prohibit the possession, manufacture, sale, and delivery of drugs or controlled substances. However, federal drug charges are usually more serious than state charges. A drug offense becomes a federal drug offense when:
The offender was apprehended while committing the drug offense on federal property.
An undercover federal officer apprehended the defendant
The drug offense is considered very serious and should be punished severely
The drug offense crossed between state lines (such as drug trafficking or distribution)
The drug crime involved other criminal activities, such as money laundering, firearms, or gang activity.
In Ohio, a person may be charged with a number of different drug-related offenses. The most common offenses include:
Ohio law prohibits individuals from intentionally possessing, obtaining, or using a drug or controlled substance. Pursuant to Ohio Revised Code Section 2925.11, "No person shall knowingly obtain, possess, or use a controlled substance or a controlled substance analog."
The illegal manufacture of drugs or controlled substances is considered a major offense in the state of Ohio. According to Ohio Revised Code Section 2925.04, "no person shall knowingly cultivate marijuana or knowingly manufacture or otherwise engage in any part of the production of a controlled substance."
Drug trafficking involves the transportation, sale, delivery, and distribution of drugs or controlled substances. Pursuant to Ohio Revised Code Section 2925.03, no person shall knowingly commit any of the following offenses:
Sell or offer to sell a controlled substance.
Prepare for shipment, ship, transport, deliver, prepare for distribution, or distribute a controlled substance, when the defendant knows that the controlled substance is intended for sale or resale.
According to Ohio Revised Code Section 2925.02, no person shall knowingly force, threaten, deceive, administer to another, induce, or cause another to use a controlled substance.
In Ohio, controlled substances, as well as the compounds used to manufacture them, are classified into five different "schedules." These include:
These are substances with a high potential for abuse and have no recognized medical use. Examples include morphine, hallucinogens (LSD), marijuana, opiates, peyote, ecstasy, opium derivatives, and heroin.
These are drugs with a high potential for abuse but have strict restrictions for medical use. Examples include cocaine, methadone, morphine, opium, fentanyl, methamphetamine, GHB, and PCP.
These drugs have a moderate potential for abuse but are lower than Schedule I or II drugs. They are also currently recognized for a variety of medical purposes. Examples include Tylenol with codeine, ketamine, HGH, anabolic steroids, and Vicodin.
These are substances with a low potential for abuse relative to Schedule III substances. They are currently widely accepted for medical use and treatment purposes. Examples include sleep aids, stimulants, and depressants, such as Xanax, Valium, and Darvon.
These are substances with a relatively lower potential for abuse or dependence compared to other scheduled drugs. These are also widely permissible for treatment purposes and examples include small amounts of stimulants, cough syrups, and Phenergan with codeine.
As outlined above, any possession of a controlled substance in Ohio is illegal. However, the consequences of a conviction will often depend on the type and amount of controlled substances found in the defendant's possession, as well as a number of other surrounding circumstances. The possible penalties for drug possession include:
Misdemeanor Drug Charges: Punishable by up to six months (180 days) in jail and a maximum fine of $1,000. Second and subsequent offenses are punishable by anywhere from six months to a year in jail and fines of up to $2,500.
Felony Drug Charges: Punishable by up to 10 years in jail and a maximum fine of $20,000.
Defending your drug crime accusations without experienced legal guidance and representation can increase your risk of conviction and receiving the maximum penalties. If convicted, you could be facing hefty fines, a lengthy prison sentence, a permanent criminal record, and other life-changing consequences. That’s why it is so critical to work with a highly skilled and aggressive criminal defense attorney if you are facing charges related to a drug crime.
At Peterson & Peterson, our criminal defense attorneys are committed to offering experienced legal guidance and strong representation to individuals facing drug crime charges. With our legal team on your side, we will evaluate and investigate all of the facts of your case and craft an effective defense approach to maximize your chances of having your charges reduced or dropped altogether. We will fight vigorously to defend your legal rights and ensure you are treated fairly at every turn. So if you or someone you know is facing charges related to a drug crime, call or reach out to our office today for strong representation.
Facing drug crime charges can be a scary experience. Luckily, you don’t have to face these charges alone. Contact Peterson & Peterson, LLC today to schedule a case evaluation. Our knowledgeable attorneys can offer you the detailed legal counsel, strong advocacy, and reliable representation you need for your case. Our firm is proud to represent clients across Xenia, Bellbrook, Greene County, Beavercreek, and Clark County, Ohio. Call or reach out to our office today to schedule a case evaluation!